25 plants suitable for a fence
Whenever we plan to plant a garden, one of the most important issues is the selection of suitable plants for the fence that will be located around the perimeter of the garden but and in internal points that will act as partitions.
The plant fence presents several advantages and can replace a traditional wooden or built fence, although in many cases we will notice that it can coexist with it both functionally and aesthetically.
A well-formed fence with impressive plants gives color and breath to our garden and at the same time acts as a beautiful and natural fence for our home.
In addition, a tall fence can also provide us with shade in the summer, protect from the wind, reduce outside noise and street pollutants, and ensure the privacy of our personal life from the eyes of passers-by.
For the creation of the fence we can choose decorative and aromatic ones shrubs, ornamental and fruit trees as well as excellent climbing plants.
What do we pay attention to when designing a fence?
Creating a fence at home, in the garden and on the balcony, needs proper planning and of course the appropriate selection of plants that fit the space.
First, we will have to decide the type of fence we will design and how it serves our needs. Do we want a low or a high fence?
Do we want a fence with plants that will not lose their leaves in winter? Do we like our hedge to have lush blooms for much of the year, or is deep glossy green foliage enough?
If we plant climbing plants, we have made the appropriate underpinning to
climb without a problem?
Also, have we chosen the right plants that will respond to the conditions of the area, be it frosts and frosts or high summer temperatures?
And finally, we should think about what care needs in terms of watering, fertilization, pruning, protection from diseases and insects have the plants that we will choose to form our fence.
- Shrubs suitable for creating a fence.
A basic category of plants to choose for creating a fence are ornamental and aromatic shrubs. Shrubby plants, although they grow somewhat slower, have several advantages, as they are very resistant, they do not need special cultivation care and they do not require special support to grow. We usually plant the bushes at relatively close distances to ensure one very solid coverage of the fence and an excellent decorative effect for low or medium height fences. So let’s look in detail at the selection of suitable shrubs that we have chosen to create an excellent plant hedge.
- Angelica. Angelica is one of the most popular plants for a fence and not by chance! Evergreen shrub with rich glossy green foliage adorned with small cream-white flowers. Angelica is suitable for a low and medium height fence depending on the pruning we will do. An ideal plant for all types of soil, even for coastal areas, angelica is ideal for the fence of our country house. Resistant to both sun and shade, frost and low temperatures even in dry summer and heat. It is not easily affected by diseases and insects except scab and pseudococci.
- Oleander. Another great choice of shrub for creating a hedge is our beloved oleander. The oleander is one of the most versatile evergreen shrubs with fairly fast growth. By planting oleanders, we can create hedges of medium height with rich foliage and impressive and prolonged flowering. Angelica is also resistant to seaside plantings, as it is resistant to water droplets from the sea and air pollution in cities. It is no coincidence that the oleander is chosen for fences on the national roads of the country.
- Boxwood. Of course, let’s not forget the boxwood, one of the most beloved shrubs that we use for low and medium height fences. Often chosen by gardeners for its compact rich green foliage and disease resistance. Quite adaptable to all soils and with little cultivation care, boxwood can reach 3 meters in height. If we want a lower height and more lateral growth, we prune the tops of the plant in the spring. Boxwood is not suitable for planting in coastal areas, as it is sensitive to the salinity of the sea and is sensitive to atmospheric pollutants and is therefore not suitable as a divider for avenues and highways.
- Photinia. The photia is an evergreen ornamental shrub that decorates with the special two-tone red and green, creating unique fences for squares and our garden. The bright red color is found in the young leaves of the bush that come out in the spring. Gradually the foliage will turn dark green in autumn. A hardy plant or photinia in all soils, also suitable for seaside plantings,
it has a moderate growth rate reaching a height of 2-3 meters. The photinia, if left unbranched in the spring, fills April-May with white fragrant flowers. The fire flowers later result in red fruits that ripen in autumn and remain on the plant until winter.
- Privet. Privet, another ornamental evergreen shrub that is very popular for fences, in gardens, in parks and even as road dividers in cities. Ligurus grows in almost all types of soil, as long as it is not found very close to coastal areas. It withstands high temperatures and shows better growth when watered during the summer. The fast growth of ligulus combined with strict branching can create a hedge that reaches a height of 2-3 meters.
- Elaignos. The oleaginous makes a striking hedge with bold dark or yellow-green foliage all year round. And in addition, in the autumn months it is filled with flowers that give off an intense sweet aroma. Fairly hardy and adaptable to sandy, dry or high salinity soils, the elegans can reach up to 3 meters in height. If we do not give our fence a more compact shape, it is good to start pruning the olive tree when it is young, since as long as we want it to grow, it takes an irregular shape that is relatively difficult to shape. There are varieties of elegans with shades of green foliage, as well as varieties of panache with two colors of foliage, such as green with yellow. The oleaginus blooms a little late in the fall, followed by its small red fruits in the winter.
- Lavender. A very popular aromatic plant for creating a low fence is lavender as it is one of the tallest aromatic plants reaching one meter. With small amounts in water, lavender offers us a wonderful aroma of its flowers. Lavender needs watering once a week, while excessive moisture can cause drying and rotting of the leaves. However, like most aromatic plants, lavender can be planted in our garden but can also be grown successfully in a pot on our balcony. In nature, lavender naturally grows in poor, rocky and dry soils, while it does not grow well in wet and heavy soils as it exhibits root rot. It looks for sunny places, although it can also grow in semi-shaded places, it is resistant to the warm dry-thermal environment while it also withstands the frost of winter.
- Rosemary. Even an aromatic plant that exhibits high resistance to sun and heat and can be a good choice for a low border is rosemary. A woody, perennial, aromatic shrub with needle-like leaves, rosemary impresses with its blue, fragrant flowers that appear in spring and summer. Rosemary grows easily and is cultivated in areas with a Mediterranean climate and a sunny dry-thermal environment, where it reaches up to two meters in height. Rosemary is resistant to frost and low temperatures, while if we want to transplant in our garden, we prefer light soils with good drainage and a neutral pH. b) Trees suitable for creating a fence To create a taller fence, we can even choose ornamental and fruit trees . trees. Planting trees offers an impressive result and a durable option for many years, while at the same time due to the deep root system we often have water savings when our trees grow large enough. Of course, we should be careful because some trees form an extensive and hard root system and a serious problem can arise on stone or concrete walls as well as on paving stones.
- Thuja. And the thuja naturally gives us excellent medium or tall hedges characterized by rich foliage in a bright green color and crown in a characteristic pyramidal shape. An ornamental shrub that can be considered a small tree, thuja is tolerant of soil salinity and can be planted near the sea or for road dividers as it is resistant to high levels of atmospheric fertilization. Although the thuja is slow growing, the end result will definitely reward us. We usually find two types of thuja, the eastern thuja with a spherical broad shape and the western thuja with a pyramidal shape. We will find dwarf thuja varieties with a height of 1-2 meters but also those that exceed ten meters in height.
- Leyland. And the leyland cypress is one of the most popular, very fast-growing ornamentals planted for medium-sized and taller hedges. The lillanda has characteristic bright green foliage and its branches develop forming a distinct pyramidal shape. The leyland is a cold climate tree and thrives best in northern Greece as well as semi-mountainous and mountainous areas. However, the leyland is relatively resistant to salinity and can be planted near the sea. It also withstands difficult weather conditions, the heat of summer, the frost of winter and even strong winds. It is planted in both sunny and semi-shady positions either in the garden or in a pot.
- Gold Crest. We also continue with golden crests, the popular yellow-green conifers that are found in impressive hedges in cottages and houses. their leaves give off a soft lemon scent, which is why we also call them lemon cypress. The golden crest needs a cool climate to thrive and prefers areas with cold winters and cool summers. It grows best in sunny places, however it can also be planted in semi-shaded places. For planting the golden crest we need fertile soil, rich in organic matter with good drainage.
- Ornamental plum tree. An impressive hedge could also be made with the ornamental plum tree, the well-known deciduous tree, with the characteristic dark reddish color of the leaves. Although it has a moderate growth rate, it shows quite dense vegetation reaching a height of 5-7 meters. The decorative plum or prunus as it is also called has small, fragrant flowers of pink color, which appear for about a month in early spring. The ornamental plum grows well in all types of soil, although it prefers rich, fertile and well-drained soils for better growth while being resistant to drought, air pollution, and low winter temperatures.
- Mulberry. The mulberry is one of the most widespread deciduous trees for arboretums in yards, streets, parks, in cities and villages. Mulberry is widely used in horticulture for tall hedges because of the dense shade created by its rich foliage. The mulberry has no particular preferences as to the type of soil, it even tolerates dry and coastal areas. It thrives best in fertile soils, which have a high content of organic matter and ensure good drainage. The mulberry loves its sunny spots, which are not relatively protected from strong winds. It is very resistant to the cold and frost of winter, as well as to high concentrations of atmospheric pollution.
- Prickly pear. Prickly pears, due to their high water content, can be planted for hedges at the edges of fields and also in cottage gardens. The planting and cultivation of prickly pear requires sandy, poor, dry and arid soils, as it can survive a lack of water and thrive in dry, hot climates. The prickly pear is very resistant to long-term drought conditions, as it can store large amounts of water and nutrients due to reduced transpiration.
- Locust tree. Another interesting choice of tree for creating a fence in a coastal or dry-thermal area is the carob tree, the impressive tree with dense glossy foliage that needs very little water and irrigation. We will meet it in all types of soil even in dry barren stony limestone soils. Although it has a relatively slow growth, the carob tree has great decorative value and can therefore be used as a tree line at the edges of roads, gardens and parks. Extremely hardy plant with minimal cultivation care, carob is not easily affected by diseases and insects. c) Climbing plants to create a fence To create an impressive, well-shaped and dense fence, climbing plants are an excellent option that certainly does not offer us enough advantages. Most of the climbing plants we recommend are fast growing and give very fast and excellent results giving rich green foliage and in most cases impressive flowering. We should note that climbing plants will require some support and underpinning to grow and climb. So let’s see a wide range of climbing plants to choose for our garden fence.
- Rhynchospermo. Among the most well-known climbing plants, the rhizosperma is an excellent choice for creating a fence. With significant ornamental value thanks to its beautiful foliage and fragrant flowers, it is fast growing and can climb to a height of over 5 meters and create an impressive hedge. plantings, withstands the frost of winter but also the high temperatures of summer. The only thing that will be done is a light pruning, every year, to maintain its shape and not to escape its growth.
- Stefanoti The wreath not only enchants us with its beauty and sweet smell, but it is also an excellent choice for a fence. Although slower growing than other climbing plants, the crown can reach and exceed 4 meters in height. It is to choose a semi-shaded spot for the corona, since it is important in direct contact with the sun, while it must be protected from frost and north winds. The crown does not require special pruning, we only make sure to cut the overhanging branches to maintain its shape.
- Capensia. If we want to create a fence with a strong color, capensia is the most suitable choice! With its unique trumpet-shaped orange flowers and its fast growth, the cap gives us a beautiful hedge in a very short time that can reach up to 10 meters. In both sun and full sun, capensia grows equally well while adapting to many soil types. Just remember to prune the cap in early spring and fall to keep the compact shape of our hedge under control.
- Honeysuckle. Another excellent choice for creating a fence is the hollyhock, a climbing plant that is distinguished by its abundant flowering, which begins in May and lasts throughout the summer, as well as the attractive aroma of its colorful flowers. at a height of 1.5-2 meters and prefers partially sunny positions to sunny ones. It is considered a resistant plant, with a strong root system that grows both laterally and in depth. It shows great adaptability to all soils, although it prefers the wettest, it is resistant to low temperatures, snow and frost. Finally, we should note that the hollyhock is not particularly affected by diseases and insects.
- Begonia, the giant. For extremely quick creation of an impressive hedge that can reach up to 10 meters, the best choice is begonia granda, the climbing plant with large tubular flowers in shades between orange and red. Begonia meganthis is a very hardy plant that is an excellent choice for creating a hedge, with abundant flowering that lasts from early summer to early autumn and needs extensive sunshine to give us lots of flowers. It shows great resistance to high summer temperatures, drought and heat conditions, while it is quite sensitive to winter frosts and strong north winds.
- Bougainvillea. And the much-loved bougainvillea is one of the most beautiful climbing plants of spring and summer and can be planted to create a wonderful hedge. With striking flowers in shades of red, purple, pink, white and orange, the bougainvillea has adapted wonderfully to the Mediterranean environment and can reach a height of ten meters if it gets full sun. It is quite sensitive to cold and wind, so we should choose a sheltered position from the north to be able to flower. Bougainvillea prefers the sea and cannot be planted in very mountainous places. It does not have special soil conditions, as long as it has good drainage.
- Jasmine. For smaller, medium-height hedges, the lovely jasmine is an excellent choice. Its flowering starts as soon as the weather warms up in spring and lasts until the first cold of winter. Jasmine needs a sunny or semi-shady position to have abundant and prolonged flowering. It is resistant to heat and drought, but it needs to be protected from north winds as it is sensitive to frost. Suitable transplanting time for jasmine is spring after the end of winter frost. The most well-known and widespread species are the Chiot jasmine or meganes, the multi-flowered jasmine, the medicinal jasmine, the Arabian jasmine or fouli, the bare-flowered jasmine with yellow flowers, the fragrant jasmine and the bushy jasmine.
- Wisteria. For large and impressive hedges, wisteria is a great choice. A deciduous climbing shrub that stands out for its characteristic hanging inflorescences, in the form of a bunch, the wisteria displays flowers with a soft scent, in various shades of purple and blue, in the period of April – May and to present a smaller second flowering in the middle of June. It has a fast growth rate, forms rich foliage for shade and thrives in rich, deep and well-drained soils. It is resistant to low temperatures, but cannot withstand strong winds. To plant the wisteria we need a spot with enough sun to give rich flowering and dense vegetation.
- Ivy. If we now want an impressive fence without being interested in flowers, ivy is a special choice. It has very fast growth and impresses with its greenish or greenish-yellow foliage consisting of trilobed or pentalobed leaves. Ivy manages and climbs using small aerial roots that hold the plant to fences, pergolas, walls and railings. Ivy is an extremely hardy plant that adapts to all conditions and situations. It withstands the low temperatures and high temperatures found in Greece and can be planted in all types of soil, even in coastal areas.
- Thunbergia. And a more special choice of plant for a fence, not so widespread is the thunbergia. Tropical climbing plant features small round flowers in shades of orange, yellow, white and even blue, which have a characteristic bull in the center of the flower. Having a fast growth that reaches a height of 5-6 meters, thun bergia can be planted to cover a wall or a small pergola. It thrives best in sunny locations, although it will also flower in semi-shaded locations.
And a secret about the plants we plant on a fence. When choosing plants for a fence, one of the most important factors we pay attention to is watering. We will need to determine how much water is available and what quality it is, especially when it comes to fencing coastal cottage gardens. In any case, it is necessary to have automatic drip irrigation to have our plants for growth and flowering, especially in the summer months, and at the same time achieve a satisfactory water saving.