9 tasks we do in autumn in the garden
Autumn is the time when the summer crops are finished and we start with the care and planting of the garden for the winter. During the autumn months, in September, October and November, the first rains begin and there are quite unstable weather conditions and temperature changes.
In the autumn summers, we do the required gardening work in the vegetable garden to plant our autumn garden vegetables, while at the same time harvesting fresh days and vegetables of the season.
In our garden and balcony ornamentals, we do a light pruning to refresh, apply compost and plant the new flower bulbs and ornamentals of this season. In addition, autumn is a good time to create new ornamental plants by propagating by cuttings and cuttings.
Autumn is the time to start making compost, the valuable material for improving the soil, from fallen tree leaves and plants that grow due to rainfall.
In autumn, the grape growers continue the grape harvest and the olive growers start picking the olives for the production of olive oil.
And if we have pine trees in our garden, the appropriate sprays must be made to deal with the pine caterpillar that causes great damage to the foliage and shoots.
So let’s look in detail at the basic autumn tasks in our garden to make a good planning and enjoy healthy and beautiful plants, as well as a rich harvest of delicious fruits from our garden.
We plant autumn vegetables in the garden and on the balcony
What vegetables do we plant in autumn?
In the middle of autumn, it is the right time to plant winter vegetables in the garden and in pots on the balcony.
If the soil of our garden is not so fertile, we can plant in raised beds by following the method of gardening without digging.
The autumn vegetable garden, at this time, includes:
- the cultivation of cabbage,
- the cultivation of broccoli,
- the cultivation of cauliflower,
- the cultivation of lettuce,
- the cultivation of spinach,
- the cultivation of sedge,
- carrot cultivation,
- beetroot cultivation,
- radish cultivation,
- the cultivation of kale,
- the cultivation of radish,
- the cultivation of antidew,
- the cultivation of watercress and the cultivation of turnip
Also, in autumn we plant various herbs such as:
- the cultivation of the onion for fresh onion,
- the cultivation of parsley,
- the cultivation of celery,
- the cultivation of dill,
- the cultivation of fennel,
- the cultivation of arugula,
- the cultivation of leeks,
- the cultivation of chives and the cultivation of garlic
We protect vegetables from diseases and insects
In the fall vegetable garden, caterpillars appear on cabbages, broccoli and cauliflowers, eating the leaves and causing significant problems.
To deal with them, we dust or spray our vegetables with an organic preparation of Thuringia bacillus that we get from agricultural stores.
And we need protection from the snails that appear naturally in the vegetable garden with the first autumn rains.
To deal with snails in our vegetables and also in ornamental plants, we use ashes from the fireplace, which we spread as a natural wall around the plants.
Another important task in the fall vegetable garden is to carefully weed out the individual weeds that have sprouted up among our vegetables to help them grow better and give us a bountiful harvest.
We harvest fresh seasonal fruits and vegetables
Which vegetables ripen in autumn?
In the early autumn we will taste the last fruits from the late planting of spring vegetables, such as the tomato crop, the zucchini crop, the pepper crop, the eggplant crop, the zucchini crop and the bean crop.
In late fall, the first harvest of the winter vegetables we planted in late summer from the cauliflower crop, the cabbage crop, the broccoli crop, the radish crop, and the beet crop is made.
At this time of year, we enjoy fresh leaves for our salads and entrees from the lettuce crop, the arugula crop, the parsley crop, the celery crop, the dill crop, the radish crop, the horseradish crop, the cultivation of sedges, the cultivation of spinach and the cultivation of fennel.
Autumn also offers us the production of many and delicious nuts to eat fresh or to accompany our salads, food and drinks, from the cultivation of the almond tree, the cultivation of the walnut and the cultivation of the chestnut.
In autumn, we enjoy more delicious fresh fruits from the apple crop, the kiwi crop, the quince crop, the pomegranate crop, as well as early varieties from the tangerine crop such as Clementine and Nova, and the early varieties from orange cultivation such as Navalina and Newhul that ripen in November.
We do the grape harvest and the olive picking
In autumn, the main harvest of grapes takes place from the beds of the houses but also from the vine crops, both for table use and for the production of wine.
After the grapes are harvested, it is important to spray the vine and bed foliage with organic formulations such as copper and sulfur to protect against future disease attacks such as grape downy mildew and grape powdery mildew.
In its southern regions, from mid-autumn, the first harvest of the olive crop begins, when the fruit is still unripe and green, to produce agour oil, the first olive oil that is beneficial for health and has an intense fruitiness. aroma and bitter taste.
More generally, it is important that the olive harvest is done in sunshine rains and without moisture to protect against diseases such as gliospore.
We use plastic crates for harvesting, which provides better ventilation, so as not to cause degradation in the olive oil and increase its acidity.
We take care of ornamental plants and the lawn of our garden
After the summer season of high temperatures and heat, the ornamental plants of our garden and balcony need proper care to renew and give them health, vitality and abundant flowering.
We first do a light pruning to remove dry and diseased branches from our plants and then we spray their foliage with organic preparations of copper and summer pulp to protect against insects and diseases.
We then apply full granular fertilizer to our garden plants or liquid fertilizer to balcony plants to encourage autumn growth and plant flowering before winter sets in.
If we have a lawn, in early autumn, spraying with a foliar fertilizer rich in nitrogen and trace elements helps to stimulate and green the foliage after the fall from the summer season.
In addition, it is necessary to carefully control the watering of the ornamental plants and the lawn especially if we have an automatic watering system, as the rainfall and the increase in humidity vary the frequency of watering the plants.
We plant autumn flower bulbs and ornamental plants
The autumn season is the right time to plant favorite autumn flower bulbs, such as freesias, hyacinths, amaryllis and tulips, in the garden houses and in the balcony pots, which will give us their flowering at the end of winter and at the beginning of it.
Also, during this period we can get favorite ornamental plants such as cyclamen, chrysanthemums and pansies from our local nurseries to enjoy their rich flowering in autumn.
Treat the pine caterpillar before it does damage
Those of us who have pine trees in the garden of our house or cottage, should deal with the pine caterpillars in time, which causes a lot of damage to the pine vegetation every year, while in young seedlings it can even dry out.
To deal with the pine caterpillar, we spray the foliage of the pines with a biological preparation of Thuringia bacillus, which is the most widespread and effective method of ecological control.
We create new plants with cuttings and cuttings
Autumn environmental and temperature conditions are to create new plants from our favorite plants, trees and aromatic plants by propagating by cuttings and propagating by cuttings.
To propagate plants by cuttings, we select strong shoots that have no flowers and fruits, from healthy plants, and cut 10-15 cm long twigs using rooting hormone at the base of the cutting to have more success in propagation.
Many climbing plants can be propagated by cuttings, taking a large shoot from the plant of interest and without cutting it, place its tip in the soil of a pot so that it emerges from the surface. After 1-2 months, the stem of the plant that has taken root, creating a new plant that we can cut from the original.
We collect suitable materials to make compost
In autumn, due to the rains, there are many weeds (weeds) growing in our garden, which we can do and collect at some point.
At the same time, we can use enough dry branches from the autumn twigs and gather them all together to make compost.
Compost is a natural fertilizer that we make with kitchen and garden scraps to improve the soil and enrich it with nutrients.
The collection of suitable materials for compost can be done in a pit in a corner of the garden or in a compost bin.